Patrik Gustafsson

Ph.D. student in Archaeology at Södertörns högskola/Södertörn University.

My thesis will primarily focus on the pioneer and settlement phase during the Early Post-Glacial time, i.e. 12500/10500-8000 BP (10500/8500-6000 BC). The prime geographical setting is the Kolmården area, which is situated in the southern part of the county of Södermanland and the northern part of the county of Östergötland. In my research the region of Eastern Central Sweden will also be of importance and, in a wider context, the Nordic and the Baltic countries.  

The main purpose is to study when the first people came to the region and where they came from and also when the settlement phase was established. In my work I will also discuss concepts as identity, migration, travels, human contacts and cultural encounters. The Early Mesolithic society is characterized as being extremely mobile, as traveling was a natural part of everyday life. As today encounters with other people happened all the time, but in different ways. Physical remains of such encounters on Mesolithic sites in the area of study are for instance local materials such as quartz and non-local lithic materials as flint from Scania.

My point of view is that the presence of non-locally found rock on sites is well suited for studies and discussions regarding cultural encounters and human contacts. In the area of study there are actually a variety of raw materials. Quartz dominates, but there are also flakes, blades, cores and tools made of materials like Kinnekulle flint, Tuffites and Porfyrites from Dalarna and Hälleflint from Bergslagen etc, as opposed to Scania where flint is totally predominating. Methodically I will examine collected materials from previously made excavations and museum collections in order to scrutinize what kind of different raw materials where the Mesolithic man preferred and for what. I will execute surveys in order to locate raw material sites as well as additional Mesolithic sites. To receive more information regarding raw material use I will perform test excavations to complete the study and hopefully to get some radiocarbon dates as well. Besides raw material use, different lithic strategies and especially those that are considered rare or “exotic” for the region are of interest and will also be highlighted.

 

Publications (in selection)

Gustafsson, P. 2004. Kulturer och kontakter. I Norberg, L. (Red.) Vetenskapligt program, Södermanlands län. Sörmlands museum Arkeologiska meddelanden 2004:02. Nyköping.

- 2005. Brebol i Lerbo. En sörmländsk yxdepå från tidigneolitikum. Fornvännen 2005, Årgång 100. Stockholm

- 2006. Kvartsbrott och aktivitetsytor. Senneolitikum-bronsålder. Toresund 281:1, Sandåsa 2:1, Toresunds socken, Strängnäs kommun, Södermanlands län. Särskild undersökning. Arkeologiska meddelanden 2006:01. Sörmlands museum. Nyköping.

- 2008. Yxor & mikrospån vid Ändebol. Mellanmesolitikum. Stora Malm 274 & 275, Västeråsen 1:1 & Malmsåsen 1:1, Stora Malms socken, Katrineholms kommun, Södermanlands län. Särskild undersökning. Sörmlands museum. Arkeologiska meddelanden 2008:04. Nyköping.

-2009: Kristallen den fina. Om kvarts och kvartshantverk. I: Cassel, K. (red), Hugget i sten. Sörmlands museum. Nyköping.

 -2010.Vikten av att vara förberedd, Mikrospån grönstensyxor och resursutnyttjande under mellanmesolitikum, med utgångspunkt i exemplet Ändebol beläget i Sydvästra Södermanlands län. I: Alexandersson, K., Papmehl-Dufay, L. & Wikelll, R. (red) Forntid längs ostkusten 1. Blankaholmsseminariet de två första åren. Västerviks museum. Västervik.

-2011. Gröna brott och gröna yxor. I: Alexandersson, K. (red.), Forntid längs Ostkusten. 2, Blankaholmsseminariet år 2010. Västerviks museum, Västervik.

-2011. Lövgölen. Tidigmesolitikum & tidigneolitikum. Lunda 239, Jönåkers häradsallmänning S:2, Lunda socken, Nyköpings kommun, Södermanlands län. Forskningsundersökning. Sörmlands museum. Arkeologiska meddelanden 2011:01. Nyköping.

- I tryck, b. A place to rest. In search of Early Mesolithic Colonization of Eastern Central Sweden. Kommande artikel i: Arias, P. (ed.) Proceedings of the Eight Conference of the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 14-18 september 2010. Santander.

- I tryck, a. It is not all about quartz, -raw material use as a mean to understand colonization processes during early post glacial time in Eastern Central Sweden. Kommande artikel i: Lateglacial and postglacial pioneers in northern Europe, Acta Archaeologica, Aarhus. In press.

Gustafsson, P & Nordin, M. 2006. Ett nytt land. I: Fornvännen 2006. Årgång 101. Stockholm.

- 2010. Unto a Good Land. Early Mesolithic Colonization of Eastern Central Sweden. In: Uniting sea II: Stone Age societies in the Baltic Sea region. Eds. Larsson, Å M. & Papmehl-Dufay, L. Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet. Uppsala.

-In print. 2010. Gröna yxor och vita spån. Yx- och mikrospåntillverkning vid Ändebol i Sydvästra Södermanland under mellanmesolitikum. I: In situ Archaeologica 2009-2010. Göteborgs universitet 2010.

Gustafsson, P & Svensson, I. 2004. Permanent bebyggelse och tillfälliga besök. I Norberg, L (Red.) Vetenskapligt program, Södermanlands län. Arkeologiska meddelanden 2004:02 Nyköping.

Gustafsson, P & Svensson. I. 2012. Näsna. Näshulta 119, Näsna 1:7, Näshulta socken, Eskilstuna kommun, Södermanlands län. Arkeologisk förundersökning. Sörmlands museum. Arkeologiska meddelanden 2012:04. Nyköping.

Gustafsson, P & Wikell, R. in Print. Working title: Röda knackstenar i östra Mellansverige (red hammerstones in Eastern Central Sweden). I: Alexandersson, K., Papmehl-Dufay, L. & Wikell, R. (red) Forntid längs ostkusten 1. Blankaholmsseminariet 5. Västerviks museum. Västervik.