Mara-Julia Weber

Research Interests

Prehistoric lithic productions

Lithic remains are omnipresent at prehistoric sites and thus constitute a major resource for archaeologists. Due to the tradition-specific character of lithic artefacts, they serve to build relative chronologies and to define the geographical extent of prehistoric traditions. However, the approach I apply to lithic assemblages is a technological one, which allows to establish typologies based on prehistoric societies’ norms and choices by reconstructing chaînes andschémas opératoires of lithic production and use. Emphasis is put on blade production and the usage of projectile points.

Relative and absolute chronology of the Lateglacial

The Weichselian Lateglacial represents a crucial period of time for investigating the influences of rapid climatic changes on prehistoric hunter-gatherer groups. Therefore, a reliable chronological framework needs to be established by combining the results of different dating methods, both relative and absolute ones. Source-critical evaluation of these results represents a prerequisite to their integration into a Lateglacial chronology. Furthermore, being able to attribute plant and animal remains to specific periods, the environment characterising these periods can be reconstructed and confronted with archaeological evidence.

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Reference list lithic technology

  • Weber, M.-J. 2003 – Etat de la recherche sur le Hambourgien et ses relations avec le Magdalénien du Bassin Parisien. Etude de l’industrie lithique d’un site à affinité hambourgienne: le locus 7 du Tureau des Gardes (Seine-et-Marne). Unpublished Maîtrise thesis, University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne).
  • Weber, M.-J. 2003 – Production lamellaire et usage du percuteur de pierre tendre au locus 7 du Tureau des Gardes (Seine-et-Marne), site à affinité hambourgienne. In: B. Valentin, P. Bodu & M. Julien (dirs.), Habitats et peuplements tardiglaciaires du Bassin parisien. Projet collectif de recherche 2003-2005, Rapport d’activité pour 2003 (UMR 7041, Nanterre) 97-101.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2004 – Parentés entre Magdalénien et Hambourgien : réévaluation par une approche technologique comparative des industries lithiques. In: B. Valentin, P. Bodu & M. Julien (dirs.), Habitats et peuplements tardiglaciaires du Bassin parisien. Projet collectif de recherche 2003-2005, Rapport d’activité pour 2004 (UMR 7041, Nanterre) 67-69.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2005 – Quelques observations sur les armatures lithiques et les modes de débitage du Hambourgien classique en comparaison du Magdalénien du Bassin parisien. In: B. Valentin, P. Bodu & M. Julien (dirs.), Habitats et peuplements tardiglaciaires du Bassin parisien. Projet collectif de recherche 2003-2005, Rapport d’activité pour 2005 (UMR 7041, Nanterre) 129-136.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2006 – Typologische und technologische Aspekte des Fundplatzes Le Tureau des Gardes 7 (Seine-et-Marne, Frankreich). Ein Beitrag zur Erforschung des Magdaléniens im Pariser Becken. Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 36, 2, 159-178.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2007 – Comparaisons entre le Magdalénien du Bassin parisien et le Hambourgien : chronologie et armement. In: B. Valentin (dir.), Habitats et peuplements tardiglaciaires du Bassin parisien. Projet collectif de recherche 2006-2008, Rapport d’activités pour 2007 (UMR 7041, Nanterre) 59-78.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2008 – Technical traditions in the Late Glacial: the relationship between the Hamburgian and the Magdalenian. In: M. Sørensen & P. Desrosiers (eds.), Technology in Archaeology. Proceedings of the SILA Workshop: The Study of Technoloy as a method for gaining insight into social and cultural aspects of Prehistory, The National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, November 2-4, 2005. Publications from the National Museum Studies in Archaeology & History 14 (The National Museum, Copenhagen) 71-89.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2009 – Fabrication et utilisation des pointes à cran hambourgiennes : quelques données de Poggenwisch et Teltwisch 1 (vallée d’Ahrensbourg, Schleswig-Holstein, Allemagne). In: J. M. Pétillon, M. H. Dias-Meirinho, P. Cattelain, M. Honegger, C. Normand & N. Valdeyron (éds.), Recherches sur les armatures de projectiles du Paléolithique supérieur au Néolithique. Actes du colloque C83, XVe congrès de l’U.I.S.P.P., Lisbonne, 4-9 septembre 2006. Palethnologie 1, 2008, 103-138.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2010 – Technological approach to Hamburgian lithic assemblages as a means of re-evaluating its relationship with the Magdalenian. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Tübingen.
  • Weber, M.-J. 2012 – From technology to tradition - Re-evaluating the Hamburgian-Magdalenian relationship. Untersuchungen und Materialien zur Steinzeit in Schleswig-Holstein und im Ostseeraum 5. Neumünster. 252 pp.
  • Grimm, S., Skov Jensen, D. & Weber, M.-J. 2012 – A lot of good points – Havelte points in the context of Late Glacial tanged points in Northwestern Europe. In: Niekus, M. J. L. Th., Barton, R. N. E., Street, M. & Terberger, Th. (Eds.): A mind set on flint – Studies in honour of Dick Stapert. Groningen Archaeological Studies Volume 16 (Barkhuis, Groningen) 2012. 251-266.

Project within umbrella blade project

Long blades as markers of long-distance connections? A technological comparison between Ahrensburgian, Belloisien and Long Blade Technology

This project aims at evaluating the relationship between the Ahrensburgian, Belloisien and Long Blade Technology in a lithic technological approach. Two starting points and main areas of research for this comparison can be defined: on the one hand the analysis of the Belloisien inventory from Donnemarie-Dontilly (Seine-et-Marne, France) carried out by Boris Valentin, which is intended to characterize more precisely this Late Palaeolithic tradition in the Paris Basin, and on the other hand the study of Ahrensburgian lithic series from Schleswig-Holstein in order to identify the objectives and operational schemes of blade production at the Pleistocene/Holocene transition. Long blades, which sometimes show use-wear traces and are thus termed bruised blades, are a common element in both the Belloisien and the Eggstedt-Stellmoor-Gruppe of the Ahrensburgian but also the British Long Blade Technology. By the intended comparative technological analysis we will investigate whether further similarities in the technical system of blade production can be discerned, e.g. the type of hammer employed, and if regional differences, e.g. due to diverging raw material availability, appear. Boris Valentin and Mara-Julia Weber will be responsible for this project, which necessitates further collaboration with colleagues from Northern France, Great Britain, Belgium and The Netherlands.