Kjel Knutsson

Professor of Archaeology, Uppsala University, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History

Research interests

My scientific writing is characterized by a general interest in how culture works and thus the relationship between material culture and agency with a methodological focus on lithic analysis. Collaboration with researchers from other fields such as statistics, image analysis and material science, is typical and relates to the complex character of the archaeological subject. Experimental archaeology was an early interest and from 1989 onwards I have arranged a series of international conferences on this subject. During this time I have also functioned as a referee for scientific journals from different parts of the world.

As part of my interest in experimental archaeology I have periodically worked with popularizing archaeology, mainly by the means of practical demonstrations at visitor’s centres and museums. Three larger projects have so far been launched going over several years.

Together with colleagues at the Department in Uppsala I have over a period of 25 years been financed from different scientific funds for smaller and larger research projects, two of which is still in the process of finalization.

Together with my colleague (former professor at Umeå university) Noel Broadbent, I introduced lithic use wear analysis in Scandinavia in 1975. I later adjusted and developed the method developed by Lawrence Keeley for flint to quarzt.(the latter method was introduced in Swedish archaeology by Helena Knutsson in 1982). Over the years I have worked with the development of the use-wear analysis in collaboration with geographers and statisticians. I have thus published a number of papers on this subject in national and international journals and conference publications. My scientific network is thus well developed within this field of research. International conferences was arranged by myself and colleagues at Uppsala university in 1989, 1996, 2003 and 2004.

Besides my work on use wear analysis and tool use I have also, within the field of experimental archaeology, studied the production of stone tools. Not least my PhD dissertation from 1988 is an example of that type of work. Contacts with flintknappers from different parts of the world, both in joint projects (Errett Callahan) and at workshops (Jaqcues Pelegrin; Bo Madsen), have helped form my view of lithic analysis.

I am at the moment I am focussing my research on the topic of how culture works. A main theme is historicity; how material culture and memory interacts in the cultural process past-present-future.

Together with Nordic colleagues I am currently also working on a series of lithic assemblages from a middle Mesolithic sequence from Northern Fennoscandia. In 2009 we got a grant from The Nordic Council for Research in the Humanities (NOS- HS) to arrange a series of workshops in Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Norway. These workshops also form the beginning of a joint scientific project concerning the pioneer settlement of northern Europe in the late Pleistocene/Early Holocene. The Uppsala part of this project involves a group of researchers (PhD Helena Knutsson; PhD Lars Sundström, and PhD candidates at the university). The project will continue for five years 2010 – 2015.

The joint Scandinavian project will be presented at a special session at the Eighth International Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe in Santander Spain 13-17 september 2010.

SCIENTIFIC PROJECTS

YearProject
1983 Public archaeology project Länna (Swedish Cultural Council)
1984- 1987 Stenteknik och redskapsfunktion i Mellansveriges stenålder . Lithic technology and tool function in Central Swedish Stone Age (Swedish research Council)
1988-1990 Public archaeology project Flaten (State Historical Museum, Stockholm)
1997- 2000 Family- and collective space- Mesolithic intra site behaviour  (Swedish research Council)
1998 Public archaeology project Vuollerim (Swedish Cultural Council: EU mål 6)
1998 – 2003 Kust till kust – stenålderssamhällen i förändring. Coast to Coast, Stone Age Societies in change
2008 - Continuing  Nordic Blade project (Nordic Council)
  Project within umbrella blade project

REFERENCES

  1. Broadbent, N. B. & Knutsson, K., 1975. An experimental analysis of quartz scrapers. Results and applications. Fornvännen: 3-4: 113-128. Stockholm.
  2. Knutsson, K., 1978. Skrapor och skrapning. Ett exempel på artefakt och boplatsanalys. Tor, Vol XVII, Uppsala.
  3. Broadbent, N. B. & Knutsson, K., 1979. Några reflektioner kring experimentell arkeologi och dess tillämpning i Norden. Tor, Vol XVIII, Uppsala.
  4. Knutsson, K., 1981. Innovation och produktutveckling. Aspekter på spåntekniken i Boreal- och Atlantisk tid i Skåne. Kontaktstencil 20, Umeå.
  5. Knutsson, K., 1982. Seminariegrävningarna i Hässelby 1978-1981. Gravfält och gård från järnålder. Fjölnir, No 1.
  6. Knutsson, K., 1982. Experiment med förhistoriska stenredskap. Fjölnir, No 3.
  7. Knutsson, K., 1982. Fjölnir experimentvecka VT 1982. Fjölnir, No 3.
  8. Knutsson, K. & Christiansson, H., 1982. Bjurselet, Gamla och nya experiment. Fjölnir, No 3.
  9. Dahl, P. & Knutsson, K., 1982. Fosfatkartering av gravfält. Fjölnir, No 4.
  10. Knutsson, K., 1983. Barn, finns dom?. Fjönir, No 1.
  11. Knutsson, H., Knutsson, K. & Jennbert, C., 1983. Skivyxor eller tvärpilar?. Mikroskadeanalys  per korresponens. Fjölnir, No 2.
  12. Knutsson, K., 1983. Yttopografiska studier av förhistoriska stenredskap 1. Plastavtryck för dokumentation och analys av nötningsspår. Tor, Vol XIX. Uppsala.
  13. Knutsson, K. & Karlsson, G., 1983. Yttopografiska studier av förhistoriska stenredskap 2. Två exempel på automatisk registrering av nötningsglans. Tor XIX. Uppsala.
  14. Knutsson, K & Hope, R., 1984. The application of acetate peels in lithic usewear analysis. Archaeometry, Vol 26:1. Oxford.
  15. Knutsson, K.,1985. SEM- analysis of wear features on experimental quartz tools. Early Man News. Newsletter of human palecology, 9/10/11. Tubingen.
  16. Knutsson, K., 1985. Yttopografiska studier av förhistoriska stenredskap 3. Svepelektronmikroskopi av experimentella kvartsredskap. Exempel på urlakning, utfällning, deformering och mekanisk nötning. Tor, Vol XX. Uppsala.
  17. Knutsson, K., 1985. Uppsala Arkeologiska Experimentverksamhet 1981-1985. Institutet för förhistorisk teknologi, medlemsblad. Östersund.
  18. Christiansson, H. & Knutsson, K., 1985. Bjurselet, gamla och nya experiment. Västerbottens Norra Fornminnesförening. Meddelanden XLVII. Skellefteå.
  19. Dahlqvist, B. & Knutsson, K., 1985. Classification and texture description of use-wear on flint tools. Proceedings of the 4th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis. Trondheim.
  20. Knutsson, K., 1986. Några arbetsideer i samband med bearbetningen av Bjurseletfynden. Arkeologiske skrifter 1. Enkelgravstid/ stridsyxetid i Danmark och Skåne. (Ed Adamsen, C. & Ebbesen, C.). Köpenhamn.
  21. Knutsson, K., 1986. Några ord om barn, stötkantkärnor och Pieces Escuillées. Fjölnir, No 1. Uppsala.
  22. Knutsson, K., 1986. Sammanfogning av flintor från de nordsvenska flintfyndplatserna. Belägg för Kombewa-metoden i Kusmark och Kallbäcken. Fjölnir, No 2. Uppsala.
  23. Dahlqvist, B. & Knutsson, K., 1987. Texture analysis of use-wear on stone tools. Uppsala University, Dept of statistics, Research Report 87-3. Uppsala.
  24. Knutsson, K., 1987. Slitspårsanalys - ett sätt att förstå stenålderns redskapsformer. Populär arkeologi:2: 6-9. Lund.
  25. Knutsson, K., 1988. Patterns of tool use. Scanning electron microscopy of experimental quartz tools. AUN 10. Uppsala.
  26. Knutsson, K., 1988. Making and using stone tools. The analysis of the lithic assemblages from Middle Neolithic sites with flint in Västerbotten, northern Sweden. AUN 11. Uppsala.
  27. Knutsson, K., 1988. Chemical etching of wear features on experimental quartz tools. (Ed S. L. Olsen) Scanning Electron Microscopy in Archaeology. BAR international series 452. pp 117-153. Oxford.
  28. Knutsson, K., 1989. Analyse tracéologique des outillages de quartz: les enseignements du site néolithique moyen-tardif de Bjurselet, Suéde septentrionale. L'anthropologie, Tome 93, no 2, Paris.
  29. Knutsson, K., Knutsson, H. & Dahlqvist B., 1988. Patterns of tool use. Microwear analysis of the flaked flint assemblage from the Late Middle neolithic site Bjurselet, Västerbotten, northern Sweden. (Ed) S. Beyries. Proceeding from the conference "Industries Lithiques: Traceologie et Technologie. Sophia Antipolis- Valbonne. BAR, International series.
  30. Christiansson, H. & Knutsson K. Eds). The Bjurselet Settlement III. Occasional Papers in Archaeology 1. Uppsala.
  31. Knutsson. K., R. Bergström & Erik Åhman., 1989. Quarternary geology of the Bjurselet plateau. In (Christiansson, H. & Knutsson K. Eds). The Bjurselet Settlement III. Occasional Papers in Archaeology 1. Uppsala.
  32. Knutsson. K., 1989. C-14 datings and the relative chronology of the Bjurselet flake scatter units. In (Christianson, H. & Knutsson, K. Eds). The Bjurselet Settlement III. Occasional papers in archaeology 1. Uppsala.
  33. Knutsson, K. & Lindé, K., 1989. Post-depositional alterations of wear marks on tools of quartz. Preliminary observations on an experiment with aeolian abrasion. Proceedings of the 5th international flint symposium. Bordeaux.
  34. Knutsson, K. 1988. Tillverkning och användning av stenredskap. Forntida teknik 2:88. pp 41 - 44.
  35. Gräslund, B., Knutsson, H., Knutsson, K. & Taffinder, J., 1989. The Interpretative Possibilities of Micorwear Studies. AUN 14. Uppsala
  36. Knutsson, K., 1989. A new lithic scene. The archaeological context of used tools. In Interpretative possabilities in microwear studies (Eds Gräslund, Knutsson, Knutsson & Taffinder The Interpretative Possibilities of Micorwear Studies. AUN 14. Uppsala
  37. Knutsson, K., Uleberg, E. & Welinder , S., 1991. One fine day in the Norwegian mountains. Universitetets Oldsakssamlings  Årsbok. Oslo.
  38. Knutsson, K., 1991. Erfarenhetsarkeologi-experimentell arkeologi. Om arkeologins analogibygge med exempel från studiet av slitspår på stenverktyg. Kontaktstencil. Umeå.
  39. Knutsson, K., 1991. Flatenprojektet. Ett museologiskt projekt kring forskning, praktisk pedagogik och fornbyar. Rapport från Riksantikvarieämbetets metodkonferens kring förmedling i Lund 1989.
  40. Knutsson, K., 1990. Stensmide. I serien "Så gjorde man förr", no 3. Utgiven av Statens Historiska Museum, Stockholm.
  41. Knutsson, K., 1991. Flatenprojektet. Forskning- Inlärning - Förmedling. Riksantikvarieämbetets årsbok 1991.
  42. Knutsson, K., & Lindgren, C.,(under tryckning). Att ge Kvarts mening. Grödingeboken.
  43. Callahan, E., Forsberg, L., Knutsson, K & C. Lindgren. 1992. Frakturbilder. Kulturhistoriska kommentarer till kvarts säregna sönderfall vid bearbetning. Tor 24. Uppsala
  44. Knutsson, K.,(1993). Garaselet-Lappviken-Rastklippan. Inledning till en diskussion av Norrlands äldsta bebyggelse. Tor 25. Uppsala.
  45. Knutsson. K., 1993. Stenar som samhällsdokument. Svea Ordens festskrift 1993.
  46. Knutsson, K., 1993. Norska renjägare på tillfälligt besök. Rastklippan i Tärnasjön. Västerbotten 1993
  47. Knutsson, K., 1993. Depåer av flintyxor i Bjurselet. Västerbotten 1993.
  48. Knutsson, K., 1995. Funktionsanalys av flintspån från stridsyxegravfältet vid Vikleti'ce i Tjeckien. Appendix i H Knutssons avhandling, Slutvandrat, aspekter på övergången från rörlig till bofast tillvaro. AUN 20. Uppsala.
  49. Knutsson, K., 1995. Swedish Mesolithic research 1985-1990. Current Swedish Archaeology. Stockholm.
  50. Huang, Younping & Kjel Knutsson. 1995. Functional analysis of middle and upper palaeolithic quartz tools from China. Tor 27. Uppsala.
  51. Knutsson, K. & P. Lekberg. 1995. Grävningsmetod i Fågelbacken fältsäsongerna 1993 och 1994. I Fågelbackenrapporten. Tryckta rapporter från Arkeologikonsult AB. Nr 14. 1995.
  52. Apel, J-E., Bäckström, Y., Hallgren, F., Knutsson, K., Lekberg, P., Olsson, E., & Sundström, L., 1995. Fågelbacken och trattbägarsamhället. Samhällsorganisation och rituella samlingsplatser vid övergången till en bofast tillvaro i östra Mellansverige. Tor 27. Uppsala.
  53. Knutsson, K & P Melchert. 1996. Ett jaktpass för 7000 år sedan  vid Skumparberget II. Tryckta rapporter från Arkeologikonsult AB. Nr 20. 1995.
  54. Forsberg, L. & Knutsson K., 1998. Converging conclusions from different archaeological perspectives. The early settlement of northern Sweden. Proceedings of the fifth Mesolithic conference i Grenoble 1995.
  55. Holm, J. & Knutsson, K. (eds.) 1998. Third flint alternatives conference at Uppsala. OPIA 16, Department of archaeology and ancient history, Uppsala
  56. Knutsson, K., 1998. Convention and lithic analysis. In: Holm, J. & Knutsson, K. (eds.). Third flint alternatives conference at Uppsala. OPIA 16, Department of archaeology and ancient history, Uppsala: 71-93  
  57. Knutsson, K., Lindgren, C., Hallgren, F. & Björck, N. 1999. The Mesolithic in Eastern central Sweden. In: Boas, J. (ed.) The Mesolithic in central Scandinavia. Universitetets Oldsakssamlings Årbok 22 . Oslo: 87-125
  58. Knutsson, K., 2001 (tillsammans med Jan Apel, Deborah Olausson, ) The Spread of Flint Axes and Daggers in Neolithic Scandinavia. Archaeologichke Rozhledy. Prag
  59. Kindgren, H., Knutsson, K., Larsson, L., Loeffler, D. & Åkerlund, A. (Eds 2003. Mesolithic on the Move. Proceedings from MESO 2000, the 6:th international conference on the Mesolithic in Europe. Oxbow books. Oxford.
  60. Knutsson, K., Lindberg, K-F. & Falkenström P., 2003 Hunter/gatherers north of the TRB-culture in Central Scandinavia-The Neolithization from a north Scandinavian perspective. In: Kindgren, H., Knutsson, K., Larsson, L., Loeffler, D. & Åkerlund, A. (Eds) Mesolithic on the Move. Proceedings from MESO 2000, the 6:th international conference on the Mesolithic in Europe. Oxbow books. Oxford.
  61. Knutsson, K. & Helena Knutsson 2003. Stone Age Transitions. Neolithization in central Scandinavia. In: Budja, M. (ed) . Neolithic Studies. Documenta Praehistorica XXX. Ljubljana.: 49-78.
  62. Knutsson, K., 2003. Introduction to Stone vestiges. Lithic Technology and Human Landscape in the early Prehistory of Southeast Asia. In: Karlström, A. & A. Källén (eds.) Fishbones and Glittering Emblems. Southeast Asian Archaeology 2002:  33-35
  63. Knutsson, K. & Apel, J., 2004. Populär arkeologi.
  64. Knutsson, K., 2004. The Historical Construction of Norrland. In: Knutsson, H. (ed.). Arrival. Coast to Coast Books 12. Uppsala: 45-71
  65. Knutsson, K. & Knutsson, H., 2005. Introduction. In: Knutsson, H. (ed.) Arrival. Coast to Coast Books 12. Uppsala: 4-25
  66. Knutsson, K., 2005. Bridging the abyss of time. Material culture, cultural reproduction and the sacred time of origin. In: Knutsson, H. (ed.). Pioneer settlements and colonization processes in the Barents region.  Vuollerim Papers in hunter.gatherer archaeology 1. Vuollerim: 117-141
  67. Apel, J. & Knutsson, K.,(eds.) 2006.  Skilled production and Social reproduction. SAU Stone Studies 2. Uppsala
  68. Knutsson, K. (med Helena Knutsson) 2005. Också det minsta kan lära oss mycket-kort om slitspårsanalys. (red.) Ylva Fontell & Katja Jahn. Arkeologi E4. Årsberättelse 2004. Utgrävningar från Uppsala till Mehedeby.  Uppsala: 14-17
  69. Knutsson, K., 2005. Arkeologin i vår samtid. Fjölnir årg 23:1, Uppsala: 14-18.
  70. Knutsson, K., 2005. Historiens mening. Ekologi, socialt minne och materiella diskurser. I: Festskrift till Evert Baudou. Archaeology and Environment 20. Umeå
  71. Apel, J. & Knutsson, K., 2006.  Skilled production and Social reproduction- an introduction to the subject. In Apel, J. & Knutsson, K.(eds.) Skilled production and Social reproduction. SAU Stone Studies 2. Uppsala: 11-25
  72. Knutsson, K., 2006 A genealogy of reflexivity. The skilled craftsman as scientist In: Apel J. & Knutsson. K. (eds.) Skilled production and Social reproduction. SAU  Stone Studies 2. Uppsala: 153-187.
  73. Knutsson, K., Hašek, V., Tomešek, J., Victor, H. & Knutsson, H., 2007. Archaeological and Geophysical Surveying in the Czech Republic and Sweden.  In Cultural interaction between east and west. Archaeology, artefacts and human contacts in northern Europe. Festschrift to Ingmar Jansson 60th birthday. Ed. Ulf Fransson. Stockholm Studies in Archaeology 44. Stockholm 2007.
  74. Knutsson, K., 2008. Introduction. Flint alternatives session. In: Woodman. P., (ed.)  Proceedings of the 7th international conference on The Mesolithic in Europe. (MESO 2005) in Belfast 28/8-2/9 2005.  
  75. Knutsson, K., 2008. Comment on Ingela Bergman: Indigenous time, colonial history: Sami conceptions of time and ancestry and the role of relics in cultural reproduction. Norwegian Archaeological Review Vol. 39/2; 151-161.
  76. Knutsson K., (manuscript accepted for publication). Kumbi Cave Lithics. In: Chami, F. (ed.) Proceedings of the African Archaeology Network Conference, 2nd- 8th Oct, 2006. Kampala – Uganda.
  77. Knutsson, H. & Knutsson, K., 2009. Neolithization as if history mattered in Central Scandinavia. In: Håkon Glörstad (ed.) Neolithization as if history mattered. Proceedings of the EAA Annual Meeting in Krakow 19-24 September 2006.
  78. Knutsson, K., Knutsson, H., (manuskript). Cognitive tool categories in prehistoric quartz assemblages – The analysis of fracture patterns and use wear in a case study of Stone Age sites from Eastern Central Sweden. Ve službách archeologie 2009:1. Brno. Eds. Vladimír Hašek, Rostislav Nekuda, Matej Ruttkay.
  79. Knutsson, K., 2008. Introduction. Flint alternatives session. In: Woodman. P., (ed.)  Proceedings of the 7th international conference on The Mesolithic in Europe. (MESO 2005) in Belfast 28/8-2/9 2005.   
  80. Knutsson, K., 2008. Comment on Ingela Bergman: Indigenous time, colonial history: Sami conceptions of time and ancestry and the role of relics in cultural reproduction. Norwegian Archaeological Review Vol. 39/2; 151-161.  
  81. Knutsson K., 2007 Kumbi Cave Lithics. In: Chami, F. (ed.) Proceedings of the African Archaeology Network Conference, 2nd- 8th Oct, 2006. Kampala – Uganda.  
  82. Knutsson, H. & Knutsson, K., 2009. Neolithization as if history mattered in Central Scandinavia. In: Håkon Glörstad (ed.) Neolithization as if history mattered. Proceedings of the EAA Annual Meeting in Krakow 19-24 September 2006.  
  83. Knutsson, K., Knutsson, H., (manuskript). Cognitive tool categories in prehistoric quartz assemblages – The analysis of fracture patterns and use wear in a case study of Stone Age sites from Eastern Central Sweden. Ve službách archeologie 2009:1. Brno. Eds. Vladimír Hašek, Rostislav Nekuda, Matej Ruttkay.